We are committed to provide urban living solutions through property development and property fund management.
Major Developments in 2014
Sold about 2,450 homes, mostly in China and Singapore.
Generated $1 billion in net proceeds from asset divestments for capital recycling.
Committed $1.1 billion in investments into new and existing projects.
Strengthened retail management capability with the acquisition of a 75% stake in Array Real Estate.
Grew Assets Under Management by Keppel REIT and Alpha Investment Partners (Alpha) to $18.7 billion.
Focus for 2015/2016
Invest strategically and opportunistically in developed and emerging markets, new platforms, projects and properties.
Scale up commercial presence overseas.
Monetise assets to recycle capital.
Grow fund management businesses for steady recurring income.
Step up sustainability efforts.
Profit Before Tax
as compared to FY 2013's $1,439 million.
as compared to FY 2013's $1,439 million.
Revenue from the Property Division of $1,729 million was $39 million or 2% below that of the previous year, due to lower sales in Singapore. In addition, Keppel REIT did not contribute any revenue in 2014 as it was deconsolidated from 31 August 2013. This was partly offset by the sale of a residential development in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Pre-tax profit decreased by $422 million or 29% to $1,017 million for FY 2014. Lower operating results, lower fair value gains on investment properties and absence of gains from the deconsolidation of Keppel REIT recognised in 2013 was partially offset by gains from disposal of Equity Plaza, Prudential Tower and Marina Bay Financial Centre (MBFC) Tower 3 in 2014. With a net profit at $482 million, the Division contributed 26% to the Group's net profit.
The Singapore economy registered a 2.9% growth in GDP for 2014, lower than the 4.4% growth in 2013 amid uncertainties in the global economic environment.
The Singapore residential market continued to be affected by the Total Debt Servicing Ratio restriction and the Additional Buyer's Stamp Duty introduced last year. Demand for new homes fell to about 7,300 units in 2014 and private residential prices also eased by 4% year-on-year.
The office market saw a positive take-up rate of Grade A office space in the CBD, supported by limited new supply and healthy demand from diverse sectors such as energy, commodities, insurance, IT & e-commerce as well as professional services. According to CB Richard Ellis (CBRE), core CBD office occupancy improved to 95.7% as at end-2014 compared with 95.2% as at end-2013. Grade A office rents rose 14.9% year-on-year from $9.75 psf to $11.20 psf as at end-2014.
In China, the economy registered slower growth of 7.4% in 2014 compared with 7.7% in 2013 on the back of a weaker manufacturing sector, lower investments and a softer property market. The residential market was impeded by government cooling measures, which include the home purchase restrictions and tighter mortgage rulings as China's government seeks to maintain a stable and sustainable market.
In Vietnam, robust exports and rising foreign investments lifted the economy's growth rate to 6% in 2014, an improvement from the 5.4% growth in 2013. In Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), the improved economic conditions and infrastructure development helped boost buyers' confidence, which in turn helped recovery in the residential market. In HCMC, the office market remained steady with active leasing interests, supported by strong demand for prime office space coupled with limited new supply. The city's retail sector continued to benefit from the influx of international brands into the market amidst limited new supply.
Net Profit ($ million)
Earnings Highlights ($ million)
|Profit before Tax
Keppel Land injected its one-third interest in MBFC Tower 3 into Keppel REIT as part of its capital recycling strategy.
Keppel Land sold 304 residential units in Singapore in 2014, compared with 370 units in 2013. Sales were mainly from Highline Residences located in Tiong Bahru, a heritage-rich estate which was named by Vogue Magazine as the fourth coolest neighbourhood in the world. Highline Residences sold 148 units, out of the total 500 units as at end-2014.
Keppel Land acquired a 75% stake in Array Real Estate, a retail management company with an experienced team involved in developing and managing three million square feet (sf) of retail space. This will further strengthen Keppel Land's expertise in commercial developments and at the same time, enable it to become a multi-faceted property player.
Highline Residences located in Tiong Bahru, named by Vogue Magazine as the fourth coolest neighbourhood in the world, sold more than a quarter of its 500 units at end-2014.
In China, market sentiments improved in the last quarter of 2014 following the relaxation of mortgage rules and cut in interest rates. Keppel Land completed a record number of 5,100 residential units in 2014 and has a healthy pipeline to meet the pent-up demand.
Keppel Land sold about 490 units in the fourth quarter, an improvement from about 360 units sold in the third quarter. For the whole year, approximately 1,900 units were sold, mostly from Central Park City in Wuxi, The Botanica in Chengdu, Stamford City in Jiangyin and The Springdale in Shanghai.
In Vietnam, Keppel Land achieved steady home sales with about 160 units sold in 2014, mainly from The Estella and Riviera Point. Following the sell-out success of The Estella, a special preview of Estella Heights, Keppel Land's second residential development in HCMC's District 2, was organised in mid-January 2015. Response was encouraging, with 120 units sold out of the 150 units launched.
Monetisation of Assets for Recycling
In Singapore, Keppel Land divested its one-third stake in MBFC Tower 3 to Keppel REIT, a 65% stake in Equity Plaza and its entire 30% stake in two data centres. Overseas divestments included a 51% interest in Al Mada Towers, a residential project in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and Elita Garden Vista residential development in Kolkata, India. In total, these divestments generated net proceeds of $1 billion.
Keppel Land has also committed $1.1 billion in investments into new and existing projects in Singapore and overseas during the year. These strategic moves reflect Keppel Land's strategy to actively prune its portfolio and thereby unlocking, recycling and investing the capital for better returns to shareholders.
Scaling Up Presence in Key Markets
Keppel Land continues to deepen its presence in key markets in Asia. It acquired a second residential site in West Jakarta, Indonesia in early 2015. The 4.6-ha site is located close to West Vista, Keppel Land's latest high-rise condominium development in Indonesia. With these two projects in place, Keppel Land is in a strong position to tap on the city's growing demand for well-planned residential developments.
As part of its strategy to invest opportunistically in key global cities with good growth potential, Keppel Land acquired a residential cum retail development in Manhattan, New York in July 2014. The Manhattan project will be managed by Alpha. More than an example of dexterity in seizing opportunities for higher returns, it also showcases how the collective strength of Keppel's business units can be harnessed for more value and growth.
In China, market sentiments improved in the last quarter of 2014 following the relaxation of mortgage rules and cut in interest rates.
Expanding Overseas Commercial Presence
Leveraging its expertise in mixed-use developments, Keppel Land is developing several new prime commercial projects overseas.
In Myanmar, Keppel Land has acquired a 40% stake in a Grade A office development in Yangon's CBD. At Saigon Centre Phase 2 in HCMC, a Grade A office tower will be developed in addition to the retail podium which will house Takashimaya's flagship store in Vietnam. Keppel Land is also redeveloping International Financial Centre Jakarta Tower 1 in Indonesia and expanding the SM-KL project in Ortigas, Manila with an office and retail development under
Upon completion, these projects will be transformed into higher yielding investments for the Group.
Growing Fund Management
Both Keppel REIT and Alpha continue to proactively manage their portfolios and funds through selective acquisitions and divestments. Keppel REIT's acquisition of a one-third stake in MBFC Tower 3 and divestment of its 92.8% interest in Prudential Tower have strengthened its position as the leading landlord of Grade A offices in Singapore's business and financial districts.
Alpha Asia Macro Trends Fund II, a fund managed by Alpha, acquired International Capital Plaza in Shanghai, YG Tower and Olive Tower in Seoul as well as a site for the development of luxury apartments in Taipei. Alpha's other funds divested a total of five properties in Singapore and Japan during the year.
The fund management business will continue to feature strongly in the Group's capital recycling strategy for matured projects, while providing stable income streams over the long term.
2015 is expected to be another challenging year. Global growth will be affected by uncertain economic prospects in the Eurozone and Japan. Despite the global headwinds, the Singapore economy is expected to expand by 2-4% in 2015. As the government is unlikely to lift the property cooling measures soon, the residential market is expected to stay subdued.
Conversely, the Grade A office market is expected to enjoy robust rental growth in 2015 on limited new supply (0.7 million sf compared to 2.5 million sf in 2014).
Economic growth, rising urbanisation and a growing middle-class population will continue to drive demand for quality homes and prime commercial space in Asia. Growth in China's GDP is expected to slow about to 7% in 2015. Nevertheless, policy easing in China is expected to translate into a gradual recovery for the residential market.
In Vietnam, as part of the government's efforts to overhaul the financial system, banks have been increasing lending and that has helped to stimulate the economy. Coupled with the new foreign property ownership law, which will be effective from 1 July 2015, Vietnam's housing market is expected to improve. This should translate into a healthy boost in demand for our Vietnam properties.
In Indonesia, demand for apartments in Jakarta remains healthy with a growing middle class and the increasing preference for condominiums given the higher price of landed homes.
Keppel Land will continue to exercise discipline, monitor the markets closely and time its new residential launches to ride on the market recovery in Asia.
Keppel REIT is expected to see healthy rental reversions for its quality portfolio of buildings in prime CBD locations. Alpha will continue to actively manage its funds and seek out potential acquisition and divestment opportunities. Building on its leading position in Asia, it will explore new initiatives and products to enhance returns to its investors.
Capitalising on its strong-cash, low-debt position, Keppel Land will continue to seek out new investments as well as look into its existing property portfolio for growth opportunities.
Alpha Asia Macro Trends Fund II continues to make strategic acquisitions such as Olive Tower in Seoul.
Leveraging on its expertise in mixed-use developments, Keppel Land is developing prime commercial projects overseas such as Saigon Centre, in Ho Chi Minh City.
Ocean Financial Centre, a building 99.9% owned by Keppel REIT, continues to provide strong rental income with full committed occupancy as at end-2013.
Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City
As China's first National Green Development Demonstration Zone, the Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City is a role model for the country's urbanisation plans.
The Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City (Sino-Singapore Eco-City) is home to about 20,000 residents and has attracted around 1,400 registered companies. In 2014, 478 new companies registered in the Sino-Singapore Eco-City, with registered capital of RMB12.1 billion. Notably, four new schools were opened in 2014, bringing the total number of students in the city to over 2,300. In addition, survey works have started on the Z4 line, a key light rail link connecting the Sino-Singapore Eco-City to the rest of Tianjin Binhai New Area, and construction is scheduled to begin in 2015.
Keppel leads the Singapore consortium, and works in tandem with its Chinese partner to guide our 50-50 joint venture - the Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City Investment and Development Co., Ltd. (SSTEC) in its role as the master developer of the Sino-Singapore Eco-City.
During the year, more than 4,000 homes were sold in the Sino-Singapore Eco-City, of which 1,731 were from projects under SSTEC. In October 2014, the removal of home-purchase restrictions and relaxation of mortgage policies gave a significant boost to home sales.
Top leaders including China's Minister of Housing and Urban-Rural Development Chen Zhenggao and Singapore's Minister in the Prime Minister's Office and Second Minister for Foreign Affairs and the Environment and Water Resources, Grace Fu visited the Sino-Singapore Eco-City in 2014 and recognised the project's progress and achievements. Significantly, China's State Council approved the implementation plan for it to be China's first National Green Development Demonstration Zone. The development was also named a "National Green Building Base" by the China Green Building Council in 2014.
Contributing Towards Sustainable Development
Keppel continued to invest and participate in the growth of the Sino-Singapore Eco-City through its various business units. As at end January 2015, about 92% of 1,363 launched units in Keppel's Seasons Park have been sold. Seasons Garden, comprising 1,190 apartments, has sold 26% of 128 launched units as at end-January 2015. Waterfront Residence, which comprises 341 low-rise homes, will launch its first phase in 2015.
Meanwhile, Phase 1 of Seasons City, a mixed-use development, is targeted for completion in 2017.
Keppel Telecommunications & Transportation has completed construction of its logistics distribution centre in the Eco-Industrial Park while Keppel Infrastructure's water reclamation plant will start commercial operations in 2015. In the Eco-Business Park, Keppel's district heating and cooling system plant has been operating well since 2013, and is able to maximise the utilisation of geothermal energy. The plant is also pursuing the possibility of tapping on waste heat to further improve the heating production efficiency.
During the year, Keppel Offshore & Marine signed a Memorandum of Understanding to set up a technology centre in the Sino-Singapore Eco-City.
- Mr Lim Kei Hin was appointed to the Board of Keppel REIT Management as
- Keppel Land deepened its presence in Indonesia with the acquisition of a residential site in West Jakarta.
- Keppel REIT divested its interest in Prudential Tower for $512 million.
- Keppel Land and Alpha divested their interests in Equity Plaza.
- Mr Chan Hon Chew was appointed to the Keppel Land Board with effect from 1 July 2014.
- Keppel Land entered into an agreement with Tien Phuoc Co Ltd to acquire an additional 43% stake in Estella Heights.
- Keppel Land partnered Macklowe Properties for a prime residential development in New York City.
- Keppel REIT entered into an agreement with Bayfront Development Pte Ltd to acquire a one-third interest in MBFC Tower 3.
- Keppel Land entered into an agreement to sell its 80% effective shareholding in BG Junction to Silverise Enterprise Ltd and PT Pelangi Arjuna.
- Keppel REIT completed the sale of its interest in Prudential Tower.
- Keppel Land embarked on developing an office tower and expanding the retail space in a mixed-use development in Manila.
- Keppel Land announced the redevelopment of International Financial Centre Jakarta Tower 1.
- Keppel Land announced the divestment of its 51% interest in Al Mada Towers in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
- Keppel Land announced the proposed divestment of its 30% interest in the data centres S25 and T25 to Keppel DC REIT.
- Keppel Land acquired a 40% stake in a Grade A office tower in Yangon.
- Keppel Land acquired a 75% stake in retail management company Array Real Estate.